The following is an extract from the draft translation of the arabic book entitled 'Dawa ilal Islam' (Dawa to Islam) by Sheikh Ahmad Mahmoud, published by Al-Waie Publications in Lebanon. I will be posting the sections of the book related to this subject.
The culture of the group
Since the situation of the Ummah requires change, working for change necessitates political work via a political structure that is established on the ideology of Islam. Therefore, it is necessary to study the characteristics and constituent elements of the structure, and of the previous structures in order to understand the reason for their failure and how to avoid it. It is especially important to study the structural aspect. This aspect is part of the subject of styles. In origin the styles are left for the Muslim to choose in respect of their correctness and suitability for the work. This forms one of the topics of the party culture.
- Since the Muslims live in societies where there are mixed thoughts, emotions and systems, the work to establish the Islamic State necessitates addressing the society; its reality, constituents, what affects it, and the way of changing it, so as to bring about the cohesive Islamic society in terms of its thoughts, emotions and systems.
- Since the reality of the individual differs from the reality of the society, consequently the constituent elements of the individual differ from the constituent elements of the society. Accordingly the Shar’ee rule relating to the individual will be different from the Shar’ee rules relating to the society.
- Since the work of the group relates to the changing of society, then the group must adopt in a detailed manner the thoughts and Shar’ee rules related to treating this reality. At the same time the group will direct the individual and the masses to the obligation of adopting whatever rules relate to its work. Whether the adopted rules relate to him as collective duties that he is not excused for if he ignores them; or they relate to him as an individual, like when the group calls him to abide by the transactions, worships and morals that are all established on the Islamic ‘Aqeedah in his daily life.
- Since the Muslims’ use of the mind is affected by the west, and they are defining interest by using the mind, then to achieve the best emulation (of the Prophet (saw)) and most exacting adherence (to the Shar’a), the work necessitates that one examines the mind and its elements. This is so as to know the limits of its use, and the manner in which to use it, whether in the ‘Aqeedah, Shar’ee rules or thinking about the reality.
- Since the work relates to establishing the rule by what Allah (swt) has revealed, and the establishment of dar al-Islam, it necessitates the knowledge of how the Messenger (saw) proceeded in Makkah and the actions that he did that led to the establishment of the Islamic State in Madinah. After the knowledge has been gained then we must be guided by it. The work necessitates that one also distinguishes between the rules of the method and the rules of the means and styles, so we can emulate the actions of the Messenger (saw) with precision.
- Since the work is the establishment of the rule by what Allah (swt) has revealed, and the changing of the existing regimes, then it necessitates that we politically follow up the actions of the rulers and understand their reality and the reality of their ties with others. It is also necessary to know the policy of the super-powers that control their actions and work to expose their plans.
- Since the Muslim lands are subjected to the kufr systems, especially the western culture and its political, economic, social and intellectual systems, then the work to establish the Islamic State requires the study of ideologies, their creeds and the thoughts built upon them and the systems that emanate from them.
- Since the Shar’ee aim is the application of Islam and conveying it to the world, then this necessitates that one studies ruling, the Islamic State, its form, pillars, structure, constitution and that one has a general idea as to what will be applied in the Islamic State. It is also necessary to examine the present ruling structures so as to distinguish us from these structures and not be influenced by them. It is necessary as well to examine the basis on which the State is established.
In this manner, the group should define the topics of its culture so as to act upon them and call people to them in the way necessitated by the work to resume the Islamic way of life and establish the Khilafah. The Khilafah will rule the Muslim and non-muslim citizens with Islam, and then it conveys the Message to the world via Da’wah and Jihaad.
The importance of the ‘Aqeedah
Since the Islamic ‘Aqeedah is the incentive for the work of the group or party, and since establishing the ruling by what Allah (swt) has revealed is the objective, then it is obligatory that the culture, which has been adopted by the group, is taken in a way that firmly links it to the ‘Aqeedah. The purpose is to create a sense of responsibility, concern, seriousness, blazing passion, zeal and readiness to sacrifice, amongst those who are working. It will also enable the Muslim to bear the hardships and difficulties of the path. It will make the da’wah carrier not wait for the people to thank him. Rather he would fear his Lord (swt), and a Day when faces shall frown from worry. He will accept the hardship of the worldly work and being deprived of the joys and pleasures of the dunya, just to attain the good pleasure of his Lord, and to enjoy the bliss and happiness of the Aakhirah. The purpose of making the adoption of the ‘Aqeedah the basis of the culture is to use the ‘Aqeedah as the basis of initiating change in the people, and not the hatred of the injustice that falls upon them, the liberation from ignorance or the improvement of the circumstances. Rather what pushes the Muslim to do the da’wah and makes the other Muslims accept it is the thoughts of the Imaan, and this is the original way in Islam.
Moreover, the thoughts of Imaan (that are taken as the basis for the culture of change) together with the culture, must be given in a manner that aims towards achieving the objective.
The ‘Aqeedah must be given in manner that aids the realisation of this objective.
The adopted Shar’ee rules must be given in a manner that shows the aim of giving them.
The study of the reality must be given in a manner that serves the realisation of the aim as well.
In short, the party culture must be linked with the Islamic ‘Aqeedah. It must be supported by the Shar’ee evidences, and given from the angle that achieves the Shar’ee aim. This is the realisation of the servitude to Allah (swt) practically, via the establishment of the Islamic State, ie the realisation of the sovereignty of Allah (swt). The Shabab of the group must be raised on this understanding.
Since the Islamic ‘Aqeedah is like the head to the body, and the heart to the organs; since it is the foundation of the whole matter, and everything depends upon it, then when it is given it should achieve the following.
- It must lead to making Allah (swt) the sole object of worship and source of legislation. No one else has this right except Him. He is the only Rabb (Lord). He is the only Khaaliq (Creator). He is the All-Knowing, All-Aware and the Legislator, the only One who manages the affairs. Since man, by his very nature feels weak, limited, needy and dependent, then he will refer to this Ilah (deity) to guide him to the correct path and bring him out from the depths of darkness into the light. Allah (swt) has sent a Messenger from amongst His servants and has chosen him (saw) to convey the Message, with which He guides those who follow His Good Pleasure in the paths of peace. He (swt) has ordered us to follow what he (saw) has conveyed to us from His Lord. He (saw) is ma’sum (infallible). Allah (swt) revealed the Qur’an to him, as a Message to the whole of mankind. As guidance, light, mercy, admonition and healing for what is in the hearts. He (swt) promised them the everlasting Bliss if they believed and obeyed and he warned them with Jahannam if they rejected. Thus, man has been created to worship Allah (swt) alone, according to the Message brought by the Messenger of Allah (saw).
- It should be clear to the Muslims that Islam ties the human being to Imaan in what came before this life, which is the belief in Allah (swt) the Creator and Manager of affairs. It also ties him to the Imaan in what comes after life, which is the belief in the ba’ath (resurrection), nushoor (gathering), hisaab (reckoning), thawaab (reward) and ‘iqaab (punishment). This should be given in a manner that shows this relationship. The one who severes this relationship and separates it, his words will not be based on a clear proof or authority. Rather they will be words of kufr.
- It must be given in a manner that leads to reviving the Ummah and driving her to carry Islam as a Message to the world.
- Muslims should understand its correctness in confronting the contemporary kufr thoughts. This is achieved by clarifying the falsity of the current thoughts coming from Capitalism, nationalism or patriotism. This is done by establishing an intellectual comparison between Islam and these thoughts, to arrive at a twofold result: firstly the refutation of the other thoughts and everything built upon them, and secondly clarifying that Islam is the only truth that is suitable for the whole world (due to the universal nature of its ‘Aqeedah and system) and then establishing the State in which Islam will be represented. The group works in this field to eliminate the slogans, flashy propaganda and billboards and the false claims placed in the minds of the Muslims by the kaafir colonialists. For example slogans such as: ‘freedom of thought and culture’, ‘Give to Caeser what belongs to Caeser and give to God what belongs to God’, ‘My homeland shall always be on the truth’, ‘Help your brother whether he is oppresser or oppressed’ (according to the pre-islamic concepts). The effect of the western thought must be removed from the minds of the Muslims and from their life. This is done by refuting the thoughts based on ideas such as ‘developing the Sharee’ah’, ‘modernising the Sharee’ah’, ‘flexibility of the Sharee’ah in meeting the needs of the age’ (according to the western concept), and ‘separation of deen from life’, ‘there is no politics in the deen’, ‘It is not rejected that rules change according to the change of the time and place.’ In addition to eliminating all of these slogans, the group works to implant the alternative thoughts, which are built upon and emanate from ‘There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.’
It is known in the Shar’a that the meaning of the words, ‘There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’, will not be pure in a person as knowledge and action, until every thought or belief other than it is discarded. He (swt) says; “Whosoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break.” [TMQ 2:256]. Allah (swt) mentioned the disbelief in Taghut first, so that no shirk or kufr stain can touch the mind, and Imaan comes after that, pure in the mind, which is the situation of someone who holds onto the trustworthy handhold. He (swt) said; “So know (O Muhammad [saw]) that there is no god but Allah.” [TMQ 47:19]. So ‘there is no god’ means, after study and thought, one acquires the knowledge that there is no god existing as a god who consequently deserves worship. And His (swt) saying: ‘but Allah’ affirms the deity of Allah (swt). It negates the deity to anyone else, and establishes it for Allah (swt). This is the strongest type of affirmation in the Arabic language and it gives the meaning of restriction. Thus, neither the thought of socialism, nationalism or patriotism will save us, nor is it correct. Rather they are corrupt and false. They cause misery for man and cannot ensure his happiness. There can be no guidance, light or healing other than the deen and Shar’a of Allah (swt).
The group proceeds to build its individuals and form their Islamic personality, by giving them the correct Islamic criteria and filling them with the love to adhere to the Shar’a and hatred of whatever contradicts it, and the love to refer to it for judgement and the hatred of referring to anything other than it. As a result, their understanding of things becomes governed by the criteria and thoughts of the Shar’a, and their inclinations follow Islam, the way it decides. Thus they like what Islam likes and hate what Islam hates.
The group proceeds to concentrate this culture in its Shabab via concentrated circles, whose purpose is to prepare the Shabab for leadership and undertake the work of the da’wah after carrying it in reality in order to convince the people of adopting it. The group would understand the reality using the mind, and explain to the Shabab the intellectual process through which it arrived at its definition of the mind. This would serve as a guide for them regarding how to deal with reality, and how to arrive at a set of intellectual definitions that are explanations of reality and are the Manaat to which the shar’ai rules apply. When the group defines the mind, instincts, organic needs, revival, society, and culture and civilisation, it defines them because the group needs to understand their reality, and because many Shar’ee rules are related to these things.
The group proceeds to derive the Shar’ee rules via the Shar’ee evidences. It will deduce those things that relate to the problem or provide solutions for the reality. This requires that the group adopt all the disciplines that will enable it to understand the Shar’ee texts, and through which they would reach an understanding of the rules of Allah (swt) that were necessary for the group. The group must conduct the method of istidlaal (deduction) openly for the Shabab and Muslim to see, so that it teaches them about it and builds the correct Islamic method of understanding the Shar’a and deducing its rules in their minds.
The group must strive, when giving this adopted culture to its Shabab, to adhere to the practical aspect, which is the aim. For this culture is not for the purpose of knowledge, increasing information or to make the shabab attain a solid academic level. Rather, it is there to generate an intellectual and political struggle, and to be conveyed as an intellectual leadership in the Ummah to establish an entity that represents her.
The group must endeavour to represent this culture in a practical and precise manner. It should not say one thing and do another. It would anger Allah (swt) greatly if the group taught the truth and then acted contrary to it.
Indeed, the group must adopt this culture and build its Shabab and establish them upon it, such that it becomes consolidated in their minds. Thereafter, the group takes the fundamental thoughts of Islam and gives them to the Ummah in a manner that produces the ra’i ‘aamm (public opinion) for the fikrah (idea), which emanates from the wa’i ‘aamm (general awareness) about it. Thus, it takes the thoughts of the ‘Aqeedah and principle Shar’ee rules to the Ummah, in a manner that unites the Ummah on one objective, which is the sovereignty of the Sharee’ah of Allah (swt). In this manner the Ummah will acquire the correct orientation, and that is considered the beginning of the return of her personality, which she had lost a long time ago.
These fundamental thoughts, and principle Shar’ee rules are thoughts that lead to assigning the legislation and worship to Allah (swt) alone, and assigning the right to be emulated to the Messenger (saw) alone. These fundamentals make the people yearn for the Paradise and fear the Fire, and make the people understand that the work to establish the Islamic State is one of the most important obligations in Islam, owing to the fact that many fara’id depend on it. They make the Ummah understand that they are one Ummah to the exclusion of all other people, and neither race nor regime separates them. The Muslims are one brotherhood and no nationalistic or patriotic bond shall separate them. Neglect of Allah’s Shar’a is what has caused the Muslims’ humiliation and disgrace. The Muslims must adhere to the Shar’a of their Lord; they should not do an action except after knowing the evidence for it.
Such thoughts prepare the fertile ground on which the rules of Islam will grow and bear fruit.
Everything we have mentioned must be included in the culture of this group. Our concern is to develop the sound way—which has been ordered by the Shar’a—to outline the culture, and the basis upon which the culture is adopted.
The group will have the great mass of thoughts, opinions and Shar’ee rules, that are necessary for the group to plunge into the intellectual struggle and political strife, and to generate the concentrated culture in those who will bear the responsibility of the da’wah. These thoughts are also necessary to produce the public opinion in the Ummah. That will make her accept the fikrah (idea) upon which the group is established.
This is the framework to which the group must adhere. If the group succeeded in outlining it, then the group would not be harmed if afterwards it made a mistake in some of the peripheral rules, or it disagreed with other groups or they disagreed with her. This is an inevitable and unavoidable matter.
This is the culture that the group requires to acheive its goal, which is making the sovereignty for the Shar’a of Allah (swt) and spreading the da’wah to the rest of the world. Indeed, Allah (swt) is the one who grants the success.
The obligation of adopting thoughts that are necessary for the work of the group
The Shar’a does not require the mere presence of a group. Rather what the Shar’a requires is the establishment of a group whose purpose is to establish this order. The evidences for the existence of the group clarify this for us.
- In His (swt) saying; “And let there arise out of you a group inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining the ma’roof (good) and forbidding the munkar (evil). And it is they who are successful.” [TMQ 3:104]. The Shar’a has obliged the establishment of a political group whose ideology is Islam and that carries the thoughts and Shar’ee rules necessary for the achievement of the aims the group was established for, which are the dominance, establishment and accession to power [of Islam]. The order is not to have a group for its own sake. It is rather to realise what was commanded, which is the da’wah and enjoining the ma’roof and forbidding the munkar. Also, it is not the da’wah and enjoining the good and forbidding the evil for their own sake. Rather the order is to realise the objective for which the da’wah and enjoining the ma’roof and forbidding the munkar exist; dominance, consolidation and accession to power.
- The Messenger (saw) said; “It is not allowed for three people to be on any part of the earth without appointing one of them as ameer (leader).” [Narrated by Ahmad b. Hanbal]. The Shar’a indicated that for any joint action that the Muslims have been ordered to perform they must have an ameer. The obedience to him will be obligatory in the matter he has been made ameer for, and for the people over whom he has been made ameer. The group must comply with the order of the ameer, so that the results of this collective work are achieved according to the Shar’a.
- Since Allah (swt) has enjoined upon the Muslims many obligations that are entrusted to the Khaleefah only, then it has become imperative to appoint a Khaleefah in order to realise these obligations. Since the appointment of a Khaleefah and the establishment of the Khilafah cannot be achieved except by a group, then the presence of a group whose aim is to establish the Khaleefah and the Khilafah becomes inevitable. This is based on the priciple: ‘That which is necessary to establish a wajib is itself a waajib (ma la yattimmul waajib illa bihi fahuwa waajib).
So it becomes clear that the presence of a group is inextricably linked to the presence of the required Shar’ee objective. Thus, it is not a group that merely undertakes the da’wah to Islam. It is not a group that conveys the message just for the sake of conveying. Rather it is a group established for the purpose of establishing Islam in the life of the Muslims, through the establishment of the Islamic State, which is considered the Shar’ee method of applying all the rules of Islam, both individual and collective. Hence a group must exist whose purpose is to realise the aim for which it has been established.
Until the group can be considered to have fulfilled all that is required of it, it must do the following things.
- It must adopt all the thoughts, Shar’ee rules and opinions that are necessary for its work, and it should adhere to them in word, deed and thought. This is because the aim of adoption is to protect the unity of the party. If the group is established and its members have different thoughts and diverse Ijtihaadaat the group will be afflicted with splits and fragmentation, even though they may be united on the aim and on Islam in a general manner. Within it there would be other factions, leading to groups forming within the group. Its da’wah will turn from being a da’wah to others to work with it and establish the fard, into a da’wah to each other. They will start to dispute with each other, with each faction trying to get its view across to the leadership of the group. Hence, the importance of adoption and its legitimacy becomes evident. The unity of the group is necessary by Shar’a. Nothing can maintain its unity in this situation, except the adoption of all the thoughts necessary for the work, and obliging the shabab with this adoption. Accordingly the adoption becomes required in compliance with the principle ‘That which is necessary for a wajib, is itself wajib.’
As long as the thoughts, rules and opinions for the work of the group are all based on the Shar’eeah; and as long as this group has the trust of its shabab it is allowed, in origin, to restrict the shabab in the thoughts regarding the work because it is allowed for a Muslim to leave his opinion and work according to the opinion of others. Thus, in the bay’ah of ‘Uthman b. ‘Affan he accepted to take the pledge of Khaleefah on condition that he left his Ijtihaad for the Ijtihaad of Abu Bakr and Umar (ra), even where it differed with his Ijtihaad. The Sahabah accepted this and they gave him the bay’ah. However, this is considered to be permitted and not obligatory as is made evident by the fact that Ali (ra) did not accept to leave his Ijtihaad for the Ijtihaad of Abu Bakr and Umar and not a single Sahabah objected. Also, it has been authentically narrated from ash-Sha’bi that Abu Musa used to leave his opinion for the opinion of Ali, Zayd used to leave his opinion for the opinion of Ubayy b. Ka’b and Abdullah used to leave his opinion for the opinion of ‘Umar. Ahadith have been narrated that Abu Bakr and ‘Umar used to leave their opinion for ‘Ali (ra). This shows that it is allowed for the Mujtahid to leave his opinion for someone else based on trust in his Ijtihaad. The shabab of this group must adhere to these two concepts and they should have a be intellectual and emotional body.
- Just as the group must adopt the Sharee’ah rules necessary for its work, it must also adopt the styles to execute these rules. The style is the manner in which the Hukm Shar’ee is executed. It is a rule which relates to the original rule for which the daleel came. For example: The group is required to culture its shabab in a concentrated manner following the example of the Messenger (saw). This is a Hukm Shar’ee that must be adhered to. But in what manner? How should this Hukm Shar’ee be executed? There must be a specific style through which this Hukm Shar’ee can be fulfilled. The style may be through halaqaat (circles) or the usar (families) etc.
So the choice of the style is a rational selection of the most appropriate action through which the Hukm Shar’ee will be executed. It will take the ruling of ibaahah (permissibility) in terms of the basis. The Shar’a has ordered the Hukm Shar’ee, but left the style of its implementation to the Muslim.
Due to the many styles available for a single Hukm Shar’ee, the group is compelled to adopt a specific style and direct its shabab towards it. Then the group would have adopted a style, which will lead to the implementation of the Hukm Shar’ee. Then the style will take the same rule as the work which it falls under. In other words, it becomes binding, like the Hukm Shar’ee that it falls under is binding.
When a group chooses the halaqaat system (circles) as a style to bring about the concentrated culturing, it must adopt it as a style that is binding. When adopting the style, the group must realize the aim of this style, which is concentrated culturing. So for the halaqah style, it would adopt everything that will realise this aim. For example; the number of people in the halaqah should be consistent with the aim. If the number increases then this may be at the expense of the concentrated culturing. If the number is less, then there will be too many halaqaat and they will form a burden and obstacle to the aim. The number must be conducive to the culturing process, without excess or deficiency. So the fixing of the number is a decision for the mind. Similarly, the time period of the halaqah should be such that the students can maintain their attention in order to understand the thoughts, otherwise the comprehension will be reduced. If the time is too short then the thoughts will not be given in a complete manner. How often should the halaqah take place? Should it be daily, weekly or fortnightly? Halaqah times should not be an obstacle to the practical aspect of the da’wah. The academic aspect, at the expense of the practical aspect, should not preoccupy the Shabab. This is how the appropriate styles are adopted for the execution of the Sharee’ah rules, such that they are in complete harmony with the Hukm Shar’ee that is to be realised. What we have said about styles roughly applies to the means as well. It is allowed for the Ameer to change the means and styles according to the requirements of the work.
- Since the group will be dealing with a wide expanse of land and its reach will extend to many States, then the sheer size and volume of the work necessitates the presence of an administrative system through which the party can pursue the da’wah and realize its aims in all spheres of its work. The administration system will organize and regulate the movement of the da’wah. It will follow the culturing of the shabab and prepare the general atmosphere for the idea. It will organize the intellectual and political struggle. The party will appear to the Ummah as a body, which committed itself to realise this task. Hence, there must be an organisational structure, which is devoted to realising the aim as best as possible, so it monitors the achievements of the work and maintains them.
So the party must adopt an administrative system or an organisational structure that will enable it to organise the da’wah successfully, thus leading to the attainment of the aim.
The party must adopt an administrative law through which the body and its movement is organised, where the rules regarding the powers of the Ameer, how he runs the party and how he is selected are defined. It explains who will appoint those responsible for the areas and provinces, and what the limits of their powers are. It is the law that will organise the administration concerning every action of the Hizb and specify the mandatory powers of everyone concerned.
All of these rules will take the Hukm of the means and styles that are required for executing the Sharee’ah rules related to the work. It is obligatory to adhere to the adopted administrative styles as long as the Ameer considers them necessary, because obedience to the Ameer is waajib.
- One is obliged to adhere to whatever is adopted, so what will the party do when there is a violation? Will it deal with the violation by rebuking the person or should there be administrative punishments?
The group is obliged to adopt administrative punishments for those who violate any adopted rule or deviate from the Shar’ee course that has been drawn out. These punishments are legitimate because they are for disobeying the Ameer. Since the Hukm Shar’ee obliges the presence of an Ameer it obliges obedience to him and forbids the disobedience in the matters that he was appointed an Ameer; otherwise, there would be no meaning to having an Ameer for the group.
The Messenger (saw) said: “The one who obeys me is (as if) he has obeyed Allah. And the one who disobeys me is (as if) he disobeyed Allah. The one who obeys the Ameer is (as if) he obeyed me and the one who disobeys the Ameer is (as if) he disobeyed me.” [Reported by Muslim]
The administrative punishments from the Ameer should extend to everyone, even to a junior member in the movement. These punishments are for violations of adoption. The one who violates the adopted Shar’eeah rules or styles, does not adhere to the administrative body or administrative law, or crosses the limits of his powers, should be taken to account.
In this manner the intellectual framework should be accompanied by a disciplined organisational framework, which is dedicated to the precise execution of the thoughts of the work and the rules of the method. Our eyes have seen how many Islamic, and non-Islamic organisations, have failed because they didn’t pay any attention to the structural aspect.
It is natural for the group to be plagued with disagreements if it doesn’t give the concept of adoption due attention; it will proceed haphazardly and go around in circles. It will exceed all bounds with nobody to bring it to account. This will prevent the group from being able to achieve its objective.
It is natural that if the members and people of responsibility are not chosen based on legitimate and consistent conditions, but instead are chosen for reasons such as who they are related to, having a social standing or having an academic post, then the tasks will be badly distributed and the individuals will become interested in attaining particular positions.
It is natural that if there are no administrative laws to which everyone is subjected, then there will be discrimination in accounting and balance and fairness will be lost.
It is natural that if there are no administrative punishments, which do not differentiate between big violations and small violations, then disobedience will continue in the work and mistakes will increase.
Therefore, one has to pay attention to the organisational aspect and the shaping of a party body that is effective in its movement, such that the thoughts of the da’wah and its shabab are organized within it, and its work is facilitated. The structure and composition of the party or group must be in complete harmony with the aim for which the group was established.
No one should think that the structural aspect is secondary; rather it is a very important matter indeed. If the group is not well structured and does not adopt the necessary rules and make them binding, then whatever success the group has will be in danger of being lost.
Moreover, undertaking the party tasks obliges the party or group to bear some financial responsibilities. This is owing to some shabab being specially assigned a duty required by the group, for travel expenses, printing costs or other expenses necessary for carrying the da’wah. These financial costs must be borne by the party body itself, ie its shabab. The one who has given himself to the da’wah, it is easier for him to give that which is less than himself, ie financial support.
The group should be careful not to extend its hand outside the group, whether it be to an individual, to a group or to a government. This is how groups are approached. The enemies of the da’wah exploit the group’s need for money, so they begin by giving seemingly innocent financial assistance to it. Very soon, this assistance becomes assistance for a purpose.