Tuesday, August 07, 2012

Ikhlas (Sincerity)…Notes


IKHLAS
(‘SINCERITY’)
  • Imam al-Ghazzali in the Ihya’ `Ulum al-Din[1] mentions a hadith from Hasan al-Basri that Hudhayfa b. al-Yaman (ra) said: The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “‘I asked Jibril regarding sincerity (ikhlas) and Jibril replied: ‘I asked our Mighty Lord about this and He replied’: ‘Sincerity is one of my secrets that I place in the hearts of my beloved servants’…[2]
سألت جبريل عن الإخلاص ما هو فقال سألت عنه رب العزة فقال الإخلاص سرمنأسراري أودعته قلب من أحببت من عبادي
  • In another version it has the addition: “No angel can record it nor can Shaytan corrupt it…”[3]
لا يطلع عليه ملك فيكتبه ولا شيطان فيفسده
“Sincerity”
  1. Sincerity is every action or movement purely for the sake of Allah (swt) and no-one else.
  2. Sincerity is unmediated and forms part of the devotional relationship directed to Allah from His servant.
  3. Sincerity is Allah’s secret – He alone knows of it and rewards. No-one else can reward it appropriately.
  4. Angels do not know of it and hence register it.
  5. Shaytan cannot corrupt it hence it is something unique and protected.
For the Da`wa Carrier:
  • Every action is performed for the sake of Allah.
  • The tireless work to spread the call of Islam and to resume the Islamic way of life through working for the re-establishment of the khilafah must be solely for Allah’s pleasure and sake.
  • One’s intention and focus must be cleansed and purged of any extraneous accretions and deviations such as pleasing people.
And with Allah is true success.
s.z.c.

[1] See Imam al-Ghazzali, Ihya’ `Ulum al-Din, 4:322.
[2] See al-Qushayri’s al-Risala with his isnad. al-`Iraqi, al-Mughni `an Haml al-Asfar fi ’l-Asfar, 4:322 and al-Qawuqji, al-Lu’lu’ al-Marsu`, p.94. Cf. al-Albani, Silsilat Ahadith al-Da`ifa, 2:92. The narration has weakness in it as Hasan al-Basri neither heard nor met the Companion Hudhayfa as well the questionable integrity of both narrators Ahmad b. `Ata’ and `Abd al-Wahid b. Zayd.
[3] Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Fath al-Bari, 4:131 where he comments that this addition is entirely fictitious.

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