Saturday, March 14, 2015

Q&A: Relations between America and India; the Kashmir Issue; Relations between China, Afghanistan and the Taliban

Question:
My question is of the three parts, please pardon me:
First, the latest meeting between Obama and Modi has received intensive media coverage, but it did not result in any real decision, it seems that there is still a problem between the United States and between India and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Can you point out the disputed issues between the two parties?
Second, given that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in India and Nawaz's party in Pakistan, are both loyal to the United States, and that the issue of Kashmir is draining India, then why is India stalling in resolving the Kashmir problem?
Third, China will meet with the Taliban to conduct mediation talks, did the United States permit this, or is it conducted independent of it? What is China's purpose behind this mediation?
Jazak Allah Khair

Answer:
First, to understand the relations between America and India, led by Modi, the following points should be taken into account:
1. Modi has inherited a heavy legacy of problems in relations between America and the Congress party during their ruling period of ten years, before that during the years of the rule of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) relations between New Delhi and Washington were unprecedentedly rejuvenated, but that all changed when the BJP lost in the general election in 2004 and the Congress party - pro-Britain – took over power. In 2010, the Indian Parliament passed the Nuclear Responsibility Law, which put excessive restrictions on suppliers for nuclear power plants; this is to deter the United States and its firms from entering into the Indian market, the implementation of the law made the conclusion of the civil nuclear deal with the United States in 2005 impossible. On the other hand New Delhi strongly rejected the US attempts to start a dialogue on Kashmir, and called on Washington to take tough action against Pakistan in the wake of the Mumbai attacks in 2008, as well as its difference with Washington over its role against the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), and regarding many trade disputes. It was expected that the two countries have many common trade relations, which originated during the years of the rule of the Congress Party, but the United States objected, for example, to use the seal "Made in India" in solar panels, describing it as a violation of the laws of the WTO, India remains busy in defending itself against the complaint submitted to the Dispute Settlement Body of the World Trade Organization by the United States in 2013
2. During the rule of the Congress party, the Indian public held a negative image of America, this worsened because of the contemptuous treatment of Washington to Indian diplomats. As a result, Modi's first mission was to improve America's image among Indians, especially among the political center. Modi polished the image of America in front of the Indian public, through Obama's visit to India as the chief guest of the Indian Republic, along with the signing of the nuclear deal.
3. President Obama now, before the general elections to be held in the United States in the fall of 2016, is like a lame duck, all his focus is on the Democratic Party's election victory. Whatever the case, Obama has to split his time between participation in local election campaigns, and focus on the many crises abroad, so it is unlikely that Obama could do much to overcome 10 years of rule by the Congress Party of India.
In light of these factors, it is difficult to see any tangible progress on the declarations made at the Obama and Modi Summit. At best, there will be close cooperation on issues that unite the American and Indian interests in the region, such as the fight against "terrorism" emanating from Pakistan, and reduce the influence of China. However, there are several obstacles that created a bit of a gap as a result of the ruling of the Congress party, it will take some time for Modi and Obama to overcome them and remove them. The Former US Ambassador to India, Robert Blackwell, said while he during a speech on the relations between America and India under the rule of Modi in New Delhi on January 2015, "... with respect to the United States strategy towards India during the next two years, in my view, at best our expectations should be modest, contrary to what it was at the beginning of the last decade, neither this prime minister or this president will be able to make a strategic shift in relations between the United States and India, so in my opinion there will be no real strategic partnership between the two in the next two years." ["The Atmosphere of the Relationship between the United States and India and Common Trade", January 24, 2015].
In other words, Blackwell expected the relations between the two countries to catch their breath and regain full strength during the time of Obama's successor and not before.
Second: As for the issue of Kashmir, it was surrounded by many complications during the rule of the Congress party making Modi in need of some time to be able to put the Kashmir issue on the table:
1. Since the rise of the Congress Party to power in 2004, and the issue of Kashmir has mainly been put on the shelf, despite the fact that Pakistan, under Musharraf's rule, made numerous concessions to start the stalled dialogue process between the two countries. However the Congress Party rejected any initiative by Musharraf and insisted that the Kashmir issue is an internal matter.
2. The situation remained as it is until the Mumbai attacks in November 2008 CE, after that all prospects of a resumption of dialogue on the issue of Kashmir were completely frozen, the Indian government changed its tone, and pressed Pakistan to recognize that it is guilty in the attacks, and must work to rein in all the armed groups operating inside Pakistan, especially the group "Lashkar-e-Tayba" ... The Indian government in October 2010 accused the ISI (Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence Agency) for being responsible for the planning of the attacks, and said in a statement, "The ISI was involved in planning an attack in 2008 on the Mumbai terrorist ... " ["The Indian government: Pakistan agents are behind the Mumbai Attacks", The Hindustan Times, October 19, 2010].
3. In the wake of the Mumbai attacks, there was a strain in relations between Islamabad and New Delhi, and any attempt on the part of Pakistan or America to push for the resumption of dialogue on Kashmir was rejected by India.
4. At the time, America has been pressing India to ease tensions along the border with Pakistan, especially on the Line of Control, so as to allow Pakistan to re-deploy its troops on the border with Afghanistan to help the United States in the fight against the resistance in Afghanistan. But India did not shift from its position on Kashmir, and forced both Pakistan and America to accept the new reality.
5. During the rule of the Congress Party in India, public opinion about any concessions on the issue of Kashmir to Pakistan froze. Thus, when Modi took over the Prime Minister's Office on 26 May 2014 CE, he was in front of a 10-year challenge of the Congress Party's obstinacy to abandon its non-negotiable position on Kashmir.
6. America has tried to pave the way for the rapprochement between India and Pakistan as a step for the negotiation in order to find a solution to Kashmir, and therefore Nawaz defying the feelings of Muslims visited India, congratulating Modi and attended his inauguration ceremony, despite that he is known for his animosity to Muslims ... by such a step it made them further apart rather than closer.
7. Then there is another issue: all Indian political parties are committed to Kashmir as a part of them, so even if the BJP and Nawaz are loyal to America, it is not easy to solve the Kashmir issue as a negotiated solution, but the correct and fair solution is to end its occupation by the Hindus by force, which is an easy matter by the will of Allah if there was a sincere state in Pakistan to Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saw), we pray that it will be soon, by the permission of Allah.
With all this, it is not unlikely that America will gather the two parties together, but this may take time.
Third: the relationship of China and Afghanistan ... and the Taliban:
1. China has focused considerable attention in the development of trade relations with Afghanistan, and the Mineral Group's state-owned company have spent $3 billion on a copper mine in Aynak Mine "about 50 kilometers south of Kabul." China National Petroleum Corporation (the largest oil company in the country) agreed in 2011 to develop the Amu Darya Basin in Afghanistan, which is a project that will generate $7 billion in profits. China National Petroleum Corporation has helped to create the first site for the production of oil in Afghanistan, with an annual energy estimated at 1.5 million barrels ["China and its presence in Afghanistan," The National Newspaper, November 1, 2014]. Moreover, China has recently announced the New Silk Road project costing billions of dollars, the project consists of three parts, the first part starts from Xi'an in China and passes through Pakistan and ends in Turkey. The second part extends from Bangladesh to Myanmar, while the third connects the Fujian coast of China with the rest of the world. And the revival of economic Silk Road belt was one of President Jean Ping's ideas, which is being implemented, developed and expedited in its implementation since the last quarter of 2013. Thus, Afghanistan is an important piece in this great project. Also, China's large appetite for resources will increase in Afghanistan, with the presence of more than $1 trillion in potential mineral wealth.
Thus it was not surprising that as soon as Ashraf Ghani became president of Afghanistan his first foreign visit was to China, where he was rewarded with new commitments from Beijing, and China has pledged to give Afghanistan 2 billion yuan ($ 327 million) in aid during 2017, in addition to the 250 million dollars that it contributed to Afghanistan since 2001. In addition, China has promised to provide training for 3,000 Afghan professional staff, as well as assisting in the development of the Afghan agriculture, hydropower, and infrastructure.
From the above, it is clear that China has a strong commercial interest in developing strong relationships with Afghanistan in the near future.
2. China cannot exploit its trade relations with Afghanistan, unless the country is stable ... and stability requires a strong government in Afghanistan, and that is why China is keen to support the Ghani's government as much as possible. Chinese Foreign Minister, Wang Yi, said during his visit to Kabul on 22 of February 2014, "The peace and stability in this country has an impact on the security of west China, and most importantly, it affects the peace and the development throughout the region, and we hope to see political reconciliation broad-based and inclusive in Afghanistan as soon as possible, and China will play a constructive role to facilitate this ... The country that is divided has no future." [Reuters, February 22, 2014].
Hence, the interest in the stability of Afghanistan by China. There is also another matter, China is afraid of the threat that emanates from the Afghan border with China, known as the Wakhan Corridor, it is a narrow strip of land in the northeast of Afghanistan, and extends from China and Tajikistan, and it separates between Pakistan and Kashmir region in Pakistan, and is located between the Pamir to the north and the Hindu Kush to the south, and its length is about 350 km, and of a width between 13-65 km. It forms a channel to facilitate the movement of Uighur Islamic fighters, who cause an internal security issue for China, where the Taliban are harboring and training militants from "East Turkistan Islamic Movement" of Uighurs in Afghanistan and the tribal areas in Pakistan, the Uighur fighters are fighting for an independent homeland free of Chinese domination. This has been clearly shown by the Chinese Foreign Minister during his visit to Kabul last year, in a statement published by the People's Republic of China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the purpose of the visit, he said: "... to promote cooperation in the field of security, and cooperation in other areas such as counter-terrorism, and combating the East Turkestan Islamic movement Islamic" ["Wang Yi will hold talks with Afghan Foreign Minister", the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Czech Republic, February 23, 2014].
In light of the points mentioned above, China supports the continued US presence in Afghanistan after December 2014 to maintain stability. This has been highlighted clearly i.e. the public encouragement of China for Hamid Karzai to sign a bilateral security agreement. In September 2013, the spokesman for President Hamid Karzai, Aimal Faizi, said that the president of China provides support for Afghan foreign relations with regional and foreign countries, specifically with the United States, in an attempt to bring peace and stability in the region, and that China supports the conclusion of a security agreement between the Afghanistan and the United States, [China supports the security agreement between Afghanistan and the United States," Kama Newspaper, 28 September 2013]. The newspaper added that China also announced that it supports the peace process led by Afghanistan, and it is ready to play a role in the Afghan peace talks, i.e. peace talks with the Taliban ... from these statements, which are all in the same context, and other similar statements, it is clear that China supports America for the stability in Afghanistan, as well as it supports peace talks with the Taliban with the full knowledge of the Americans.
Also, China has set up in November 2014, a "forum of peace and reconciliation," as reported by Reuters, in an effort to play a greater role in Afghanistan in order to push the peace talks, [Reuters, November 11, 2014] and find ways to mediate in a peace agreement between the Government of Ghani and the Taliban. Thus, recently the Taliban has visited Beijing, and China is supporting Pakistan to put pressure on the Afghan Taliban movement to achieve reconciliation with Ghani's government. This cannot be interpreted as China wanting to take America's place in Afghanistan, but on the contrary, the interests of Beijing and Washington are in harmony with the issue of stability in Afghanistan. In this regard, a US official said, "The United States and China have agreed to work together to support the Government of Afghanistan, and national unity, and the security forces, and economic development; to ensure that Afghanistan is not used once again as a safe haven for terrorists." ["China progressing to mediate in the stalled peace talks with the Afghan Taliban," Economic Times, February 13, 2015].
All this shows that China is interested in stability in Afghanistan due to the development of its large economic interests there, which is consistent with the United States on the subject of the stability of Afghanistan ... and it is also interested in reconciliation between Afghanistan and the Taliban so that China benefits in tightening of the supply line of the fighters of East Turkistan, and this was the reason for communications by China with both parties, Afghanistan and the Taliban.
We hope that the Taliban is aware of this matter and repels the plots of China back to its land, and the brotherhood of Islam continues between them and the rebels of East Turkistan.
19 Jumada I 1436 AH
10/3/2015 CE

Q&A: Repercussions of the Greek Crisis



Question:
It was reported on Friday, 27/02/2015 CE that by an overwhelming majority of the German parliament has approved the aid extension to Greece for four months ... Does this mean that the Greek crisis has ended, and that Greece will remain a member of the European Union without hindrance? Also it was noted that the United States is interested in keeping Greece in the European Union and to solve its problems. Obama said during the peak of the crisis, in an interview with CNN on 01/02/2015, expressing "his hope that Greece remains in the Eurozone", and said that "it requires compromises from all sides". He added, "The best way to reduce the deficit and restore durability lies in the achievement of growth". What is the motive for this American declared intervention in the crisis in Greece? Jazak Allah Khair.

Answer:
To get a clearer view we will present the following:

1. Greece recent financial crisis began to appear at the end of 2009, after the eruption of the global financial crisis in America, the head of capitalism, and included Europe and the rest of the world which is subject to the capitalist system. It engulfed Greece in April 2010, and subsequently, on 23 June 2010, the Greek Government formally requested from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund to launch a bailout program that includes loans to help Greece to avoid bankruptcy and debt defaults. The interest rate on Greek bond rates increased as insurance rose on these bonds against default. As a result, all were raised to high rates due to investors' fears of a "lack of Greece's ability to meet its debts, with a high budget deficit and mounting public debt rate in addition to the weak growth in the Greek economy". This crisis has threatened the euro and its region, and therefore the European Union as a whole, and floated the idea of Greek exit from this economic region. However, Europe has decided to provide assistance to Greece in return for implementation of economic reforms and austerity measures aimed at reducing the deficit in the public budget. Noting that, the current program of the so-called reforms was due to expire in February 28 this month. The agreement was not decisive in its content but it delayed the explosion, as has been said.

2. The package offered to Greece since 5 years ago is estimated at 240 billion euros, while the Greek debt currently amounting to 323 billion euros; broken down as follows: 60% of this debt is due to the euro zone, 10% to the International Monetary Fund, 6% to the European Central Bank, 4% to Greek banks, 1% to foreign banks, 1% to Greek Central Bank, 3% Other loans and 15% Treasury Bond. The Eurozone necessitates the achievement of a budget surplus of 3% after the payment of interest on loans. Greece does not have the ability to achieve this, but the Greek finance minister says his country is no longer bound to this condition according to the latest agreement, and Germany and the zone did not issue any explanation in this regard. The austerity policy that was imposed on Greece in recent years has led to an ongoing state of economic recession during the past years, rising in the unemployment rate to 27%, and bankruptcy of about one third of the special projects. Thus, Greece has been living under the austerity program since 2010, and the European Financial debt-servicing rescue has lost more than 200 billion euros of the loans made so far, to rescue the banks and hedge funds payable to Greece, particularly the French and German banks. These loans have been provided by the European Union, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank in exchange for Greece's commitment to austerity measures. This means that the EU reimburse for its banks the money that it lent to Greece with high usurious interest rate at the time the Greek citizen has lost the confidence of his country's economy. For example, 18 billion euros have been withdrawn since last December and 500 million were withdrawn on the 18th and 19th of this month. All of this indicates the seriousness and the corruption of the so-called capitalist bailout plans, as they are drowning and not rescuing, and fatal for the country and the people...

3. Germany was the most hardliner state on the issue of the Greek crisis and rejects debt relief. Thus, Germany was a top negotiator and was leading the talks, to the extent that the talks have been described as Germany-Greece talks. Therefore, the news reported that the agreement was not made through the real negotiations between ministers of 19 countries in the Eurozone and Greece; instead, it was through negotiations between the German Finance Minister and his Greek counterpart in the presence of officials from the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank. This has allowed the current anti-European Union movement in Britain to intensify its criticism of the bloc and described it as a club dominated by Germany, which seeks to take control of Europe. Germany began to feel it is the European Union financial leader because it is Europe's strongest economy, and all extend their hands out to it and show their need to it and to its help. Germany does not want to compromise the issue of the Greek crisis because the contagion will move to Portugal as a first stage, and in the late stage to Ireland, Italy, Spain and other EU countries that suffer from similar problems. These countries are subject to the rescue program and apply the policy of austerity which Germany imposed on behalf of the Union. And so, if Germany compromised with Greece, those states will begin to abandon the policy of austerity that burdens their citizens. Therefore, the German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble, a hardline opponent of the idea of exempting Greece from debt said, "There would be no payment of new funds to Greece until the conditions of the deal had been met", and said, "Greece's leftist-led government would have a difficult time" (BBC 21/2/2015). Greek government spokesman Panagiotis Agrafiotis said, "Greece and Germany have reached an agreement on the extension of Greece's bailout loan program for four months", and, "There has been an accord between the institutional partners, Greece and Germany" (Al-Quds 20/02/2015). And finally, after the Greek government pledged commitment to the program without any reservations or conditions, the European Parliament or, rather the German Parliament, agreed on 27/2/2015 on the extension of the deadline for four months... Schaeuble has stressed that the current agreement "is not about new money, it is not about changing the program" (London-based Al-Arab, 28/02/2015). Schaeuble has sought the reassurance that this is never about "giving new billions to Greece" or amending the terms of the current program. The European Commissioner for Economic Affairs Pierre Moscovece has urged Athens to "respect its commitments to its European partners and the International Monetary Fund". (27/2/2015 swissinfo.ch-afp_tickers)

4. As for the position of France, which is the leading state of the European Union alongside Germany, French President Francois Hollande described the agreement as "a good settlement for both Greece and its creditors" (BBC 21/2/2015). The French Finance Minister, Michel Sabin said, "Athens agreed at the end to stay under creditors' supervision, but there will be work of different nature, there will definitely be a political action, pointing out that the Greeks no longer want to meet experts" (FPA, 21/2/2015). The agency added, "If Athens sticks to its commitments, it stands to receive up to 7.2 billion euros in funds still left in its 240 billion euro bailout ($273 million) from the EU and the International Monetary Fund. Greece is keen to turn the page on austerity but Germany, the guarantor of the strictness in European budgets necessitates that Greece continues to purge its finances and move on structural reforms".

5. As for the American's stance was clear from it the public intervention in the subject. Thus, the US President Barack Obama said in an interview with CNN on 01/02/2015, commenting on the financial crisis in Greece, standing by it and criticizing the position of the European Union, said, "You cannot continue to pressure countries in recession" and added "at some point there must be a strategy of growth in order for these countries to be able to repay their debts and reduce some of their deficits". He acknowledged that "there is no doubt that the Greek economy was in urgent need of reforms." He also said, "These changes are very hard to achieve if the people's living standard has dropped by 25% - this cannot be sustained either by the Greek society or the political system." Obama expressed "the hope that Greece will remain in the eurozone" and said that "this will require compromises on all sides" and criticized the European austerity policy, and said, "When the economy is in free-fall, you need a strategy of growth, not just pressuring a population that is suffering more and more". He added, "The best way to reduce deficits and restore fiscal balance lies in growth". The US President was speaking several days after the leftist Syriza party won the Greek legislative elections that took place on 25/1/2015 and nearly a month before the end of the European rescue phase for Greece to give a clear signal to Europe that it stands beside Greece, and criticizes Europe in order to pressurize it to keep Greece within EU and exploits its support for it against the Union. America wants to keep Greece within the European Union, so that this Union continues suffering from crises and cracks and remains a fragile union threatened to collapse.

6. As for Greece itself, in which new left-leaning government, led by Syriza party, swept to power last month, it wants to stay in the European Union. The Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras has praised the agreement, saying, "The government had foiled a plan by "blind conservative forces" in Greece and abroad to bankrupt the country at the end of the month", i.e. when its European bailout had been scheduled to expire. He added "The agreement with the European Union leaders to extend Greece for four months will end the unpopular austerity measures in the country, however, the government still faces difficult challenges", claiming that "the agreement cancels out austerity". However, this agreement came in exchange for concessions, including its commitment to identifying the so-called reforms in two days. He said, "The government would now focus on negotiating a new reform blueprint with Greece's creditors by June" (AFP 21/2/2015). The Greek government has requested the extension of funding for Greece for a period of 6 months to be able to provide reforms plans for four years. "The Greek government it had averted threatened cuts to pensions and tax hikes, and had persuaded its European creditors to drop unrealistic budget demands." The Greek Finance Minister deemed the agreement a first step in a long path, and added "nobody is going to ask us to impose upon our economy and society measures that we don't agree with... We now have a new framework, but we respect the previous ones. We are becoming co-authors of the reforms that we want to implement, which we are going to dictate." On his part, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said, "as long as the programme is not successfully concluded, there will be no payment." (Euro News 21/2/2015) This was before Greece agreed on the terms of the program and then Germany agreed on the extension.

7. As for the British stance, the British Finance Minister George Osborn described the current situation in the dispute between Greece with other partners in the euro zone as "a risk to Britain's economic stability, and called for the need for the Eurozone countries to find a common solution to ward off a full-blown crisis". Adding, "in this stand-off between the Eurozone and Greece is the risk of a full-blown crisis, which will do real damage to the European economy and is a risk for Britain" (Sky News, 20/02/2015). Britain wants the European Union to remain for as long as it can take advantage of it and does not constitute a danger to it. Especially that the whole Western world is suffering from a full-blown financial crisis, the collapse of the European Union at this time will be a strike, and perhaps a fatal one, for the capitalist economy as a whole. It, i.e. Britain, wants the EU to remain in order to compete with America and be able to use it in its hidden struggle with America and to prevent the latter the hegemony in world's politics.

8. We conclude from all of this the following:

a. The European Union is a fragile union, because it is not founded on a political decision and it is not a single political entity, for there is no one centralized administration to run it. Rather, it is a group of states which agree on certain positions and situations and differ in others, and its major forces are competing for its leadership and for imposing their will on it. Especially if we know that it is based on interest, since it adopts the capitalist ideology that makes interest a basis and a measure for actions. And that they are nation-states seeking to achieve sovereignty over others, because this ideology approved nationalism and did not resolve it, hence it was unable to integrate the people who believe in it into one pot. Accordingly the European states and in particular the major states, are competing on the sovereignty of the Union countries; Germany seeks to achieve it, France is seeking a prominent role besides Germany, and Britain is seeking to use the Union to compete with America, so that it benefits from both sides.

b. America is trying to permeate and influence the EU countries, and is working to beat the Union, and to undermine it so as not to become a single political unit with an influential force globally. It also seeks to drop the euro, so it does not continue to be a global currency rivaling its currency, the dollar. America exploits the Union's crises and its problems and discredits its solutions in order to degrade its ability so it remains the leader of the capitalist world without rival. Thus, it exploited the crisis in Greece, and is working to flirt with the leftist government in it and attract it. It also defends its staying in the Union so that the Union remains fragile eroded by crises. And it will work to exploit it and encourage it to take positions in the face of the European Union and to make Greece a weakening or cracking factor for the Union, and the Union faces the risk of falling.

c. Germany is working to preserve the Union and the Eurozone and to strengthen them and has almost become the prominent voice. It is the primary beneficiary; since its financial institutions are the ones profiting; as they lend to Greece and other European countries and recover these funds with profit. Hence it moves the economy in its financial institutions of banks, funds reserves and insurance companies. It also works to strengthen its influence in it. It has currently become described as the world medium superpower. France is the second beneficiary along the lines of Germany and is working to strengthen its international role in the Union. Britain, which is monitoring the situation as if it is not a member of it; it does not work to strengthen it and neither seeks to drop it down; instead it is working to take advantage of it and exploit it.

A. And so the competition will remain between the major countries in the Union, and the conflict continues between the Union and the United States which seeks to undermine it, and fragment it, if it could. And seeks to drop the euro as a world currency so that its green paper, which is not worth the ink it is printed with, stay the world currency, plundering through it the resources of the world and funding its military apparatus to ensure its world dominance as the leader state that controls the world.

d. Thus, it is proving, once again, that capitalism is a false ideology, its economic system is corrupt, its solutions are dangerous, and its consequences are disastrous, for it does not address the diseases, rather it is working on soothing them, so the problems continue to exist and the diseases remain chronic. Thus, Riba, which it adopts as a basis for the transactions and loaning, is a destructive burden on the debtor. Moreover, the debtor country that issue Treasury bonds to borrow money with Riba must insure these bonds, hence paying large extra sums in exchange for insurance. Consequently the burden increases on the borrowing state and this does not rescue it, rather it continues to suffer deficit in the budget and in the ability to repay the debt and keeps it under the control of the creditors! And keep its citizens living in hardship and misery as a result of being forced to apply the austerity policy. And Greece, which this talk is all about, is the most prominent example of this. For all the solutions to its crisis, as indicated above, are at best relievers for a period of time and then soon explode, and so on ... for the fact of the matter that Greece has lived for four centuries in the affluence of living, stability, security and safety under the rule of Islam.

9th Jumada I 1436 AH - 28/02/2015 CE

النسخة العربية

Saturday, March 07, 2015

Ameer of Hizb ut Tahrir's Opening speech to the ‪#‎Khilafah‬ Conference held in Istanbul

‪#‎Turkey‬: Ameer of Hizb ut Tahrir's Opening speech to the ‪#‎Khilafah‬ Conference held in Istanbul

The opening speech of the Ameer of Hizb ut Tahrir, the eminent Scholar Sheikh Ata Bin Khalil Abu Al-Rashtah, may Allah protect him, in the Khilafah Conference held in Istanbul on Tuesday 03/03/2015 CE entitled, "Democratic Presidential Model or Khilafah Rashidah?"

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon his family and companions and those who follow him...

Dear Distinguished guests, may Allah bestow upon you the blessing of His obedience, Assalaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuhu

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ

"Allâh has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the land, as He granted it to those before them."
(an-Noor: 55)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

«ثُمَّ تَكُونُ جَبْرِيَّةً، فَتَكُونُ مَاُ شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ تَكُونَ، ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُهَا إِذَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَرْفَعَهَا، ثُمَّ تَكُونُ خِلَافَةٌ عَلَى مِنْهَاجِ النُّبُوَّةِ»

"Then there will be an oppressive monarchy as long as Allah wills, then he will eliminate it if he so wills. Then a Khilafah on the way of Prophethood will prevail." (Extracted by Ahmad and Al Tayalsi)

My brothers and sisters, I like to begin with the promise of Allah of Istikhlaf (receiving the power), and the glad tidings of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم of the return of the Khilafah after the oppressive rule that we live under... I begin with hope before the pain that befell the Islamic Ummah for more than ninety years, in 28 Rajab 1342 AH corresponding to March 1924 CE when the colonialists Kuffar led by Britain at the time and their agents from the Arabs and Turks, were able to demolish the Khilafah. This decision was issued in the second session held by the Ankara parliament on Monday the third of March 1924, and the meeting lasted from 3:25pm until 6:45pm and ended with the issuance of this fatal decision to the Ummah; the abolition of the Khilafah... The irony is that the vote for the decision was through a show of hands rather than by a secret ballot! All of this was under an atmosphere charged with fear that makes voting by show of hands, revealing the voters, which is a very dangerous matter! Since that black day and the Islamic Ummah suffers in life and its position among the nations:

After the Muslims were one Ummah, one state, and one Khilafah, the Muslims became torn to over fifty countries or statelets... and after our Constitution was rulings legislated by the Lord of humans, our Constitution is now legislated by humans ... and after Muslims opened lands and spread goodness throughout the world and were the leaders of worlds; Muslim lands became reduced from its edges rather from its core! Jews who were marked with humiliation and wretchedness have occupied Palestine, land of Isra' Wal Mi'raj, not only this, but the rulers of the Muslims recognize the Jewish state and are holding diplomatic relations with them! .. And after the Khaleefah led an army to rescue the oppressed woman who cried, "Wa Mu'tasimah!" He avenged her from those who mistreated her and he opened Amuriyah, which is close to Ankara today, since then Muslim women all over the world are oppressed and their sanctities violated, and none of the rulers in the Muslim countries rescue them. After the countries used to seek support from us, as France did when they asked the Khaleefah Suleiman the Magnificent to help release their captive king, now we resort to the Kaffir colonists to solve our issues ...

Thus, dear brothers and sisters, Muslims are surrounded with calamities and tribulations and engulfed by killings before them and behind them; and they are in a dilemma! This is not because of their small number or the lack of supplies, but because their shield has been removed, the Imam, the Khaleefah is a shield fought from behind and is protected by.

«...َإِنَّمَا الإِمَامُ جُنَّةٌ يُقَاتَلُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ وَيُتَّقَى بِهِ...»

"Verily the Imam is but a shield, is fought from behind, and is protected by."

Bukhari narrated it in his Saheeh, and with the demise of the shield and Protection Muslims became without guardianship and protection, but they are controlled by rulers who do not fear Allah, only interested in their colonialist masters' benefits, oppressing and controlling people.

وَسَيَعْلَمُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَيَّ مُنْقَلَبٍ يَنْقَلِبُونَ

"And those who have wronged are going to know to what [kind of] return they will be returned"
(Ash-Shu'ara: 227)

The Khilafah, my brothers and sisters, is the source of Muslims' glory and their power, and this is known by the leaders of colonialism, and this is why Curzon said in the British House of Commons when the Khilafah was demolished, "The issue is that Turkey is wiped out and will not have any influence, because we have eliminated its moral force: Khilafah and Islam." Because they know this, they were not satisfied with the demolition of the Khilafah only, but exert every effort to prevent its return once again, and so they launched a fierce war against those working for its restoration. Therefore they were furious when they heard about the launch of Hizb ut Tahrir sixty years ago, and that the party took the issue of the return of the Khilafah as the Ummah's vital issue. Therefore they relentlessly fought against it and their agents too with all the evil methods, their arsenal of calumny, arrests, and torture leading to martyrdom and long prison sentences, but they failed and the Hizb remains standing kneeling only to Allah... And finally they fought it; the colonialist Kuffar took advantage of crimes of some Islamic movements, which declared Khilafah not according to the Shariah, and carried out un-Islamic actions of slaughter, burning, vandalism, and destruction ...the colonialist Kuffar took advantage of the crimes of these movements, and focused on them, and they ferociously show them on screens, to frighten Muslims that the Khilafah they want perpetrates such heinous crimes, so that people hate the true Khilafah... Nevertheless as they failed with previous methods, they will fail this time too, InshaAllah. People are aware of the legitimate Khilafah, and they can distinguish between it and the alleged Khilafah, the true Khilafah is not unknown. It is a distinctive system demonstrated by the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم followed by the guided Khulafaa after him. The Khilafah is not an empire nor a monarchy, it is not a presidential or parliamentary republic, nor a dictatorship or democracy, not following Allah's legislation, nor any kind of man-made systems, but it is the Khilafah of Justice, and its rulers are Khulafaa, imams, people fight behind them and are protected by them ... It is a Khilafah that protects the blood, safeguards the honour and preserves the wealth, and fulfills contracts of protection for Dhimma and takes the bayah willingly and by choice not by oppression and coercion, people migrate safely to it, they do not flee it in panic ...

My dear attending brothers and sisters, O people of sight and insight, O men of understanding, O the ones who feel the pain as a result of the loss of the Khilafah, the shield and protection of Muslims ... Remove yourselves of this great sin, and work to resume the Islamic way of life on earth by re-establishing the guided Khilafah state, neglecting it is a great sin, except for those who work for it, the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم says:

»ومن مات وليس في عنقه بيعة مات ميتة جاهلية»

"And whosoever dies without having a Bay'ah upon his neck (i.e. without a system of Bay'ah existing), he dies the death of Jahiliyyah."

Narrated by Muslim, that is the allegiance of a Khaleefah who is established legally, so move your men and your women and your people to work diligently and honestly and faithfully, to establish the Khilafah, truly it is a great triumph.

In conclusion, I would like to remind you and assure you: I remind you that this city, Uskudar which your conference is being held was the first success of the conquest of Constantinople,and is where the armies that were sent by the Khaleefah from Asia where launched from to the conquest of Constantinople, they camped here and then they departed from its port to the corresponding port on the European side to invade and besiege Constantinople. This was repeated many times until Allah سبحانه وتعالى blessed Sultan Muhammad Al Fatih with this great success as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

»لَتُفْتَحَنَّ الْقُسْطَنْطِينِيَّةُ، فَلَنِعْمَ الْأَمِيرُ أَمِيرُهَا، وَلَنِعْمَ الْجَيْشُ ذَلِكَ الْجَيْشُ»

"You will open Constantinople, its Ameer is the best Ameer, and its army is the best army." (Narrated by Ahmad). And I assure you that your brethren in Hizb ut Tahrir are firm on the Haq, working hard to achieve Allah Almighty's promise and the glad tiding of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم of the return of the Khilafah, they do not fear anybody but Allah, and they follow the path of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم. And your brothers are nearly reaching the objective with the permission of Allah سبحانه وتعالى, they will be, and you, shaded under the Raya Al 'Uqab, the banner of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم, and so the Khilafah will shine on earth, and spread safety and security and justice in the lands of Islam

وَيَوْمَئِذٍ يَفْرَحُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ * بِنَصْرِ اللَّهِ يَنْصُرُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ

"And that day the believers will rejoice In the victory of Allah. He gives victory to whom He wills, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful"
(Ar-Rum: 4-5)

And the final conclusion, I congratulate you for your conference, may you have the Barakah of Allah, and start in the name of Allah... I ask Allah سبحانه وتعالى that this conference will yield good and blessed fruits bringing glory to Islam and Muslims, and humiliate the colonialist Kuffar.

وَاللَّهُ غَالِبٌ عَلَى أَمْرِهِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

"And Allah is predominant over His affair, but most of the people do not know"
(Yusuf: 21)

Wa Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuhu

Ata Bin Khalil Abu Al Rashtah
Ameer of Hizb ut Tahrir

12/5/1436 AH - 3/3/2015 CE