Saturday, June 29, 2013

Q&A: The seeking of the Nusrah (support to establish the rule)

Question:
Assalamu Alaikum,
It is mentioned in the book, Structuring of a Party (At-Takattul), about the reaching of the rule by way of the Ummah and the actions associated with seeking the Nusrah. Is seeking Nusrah part of the interaction stage or is it from the stage of reaching the rule? Please clarify and provide detail as before.
From Okab Alhak
Answer:
Wa Alaikumus Salaam Wa Rahamatullahi wa Barakaatuhu,
Seeking the support to change the rule (Talab An-Nusrah) occurs at the end of the interaction stage. Thus if the people of power respond positively and they are capable of effecting change, then the third stage would have arrived by the permission of Allah. And we have detailed this issue in our books and in particular 'Al-Minhaj'. Here are a few clarifying points for you:
1. The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم began seeking the Nusrah during the interaction stage. When Abu Taalib died, the Makkan society was stationary and closed to the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم. After the death of Abu Taalib the harm of the Quraish against the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم became more severe in a manner that they were not able to do whilst his uncle Abu Taalib was still alive. As such the protection afforded to the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم was weaker than it had been in the days of Abu Taalib. So Allah سبحانه وتعالى revealed that he should present himself to the Arab tribes to request their protection and Nusrah so that he would be able to convey from Allah that which he had been sent while he was secured and protected. Ibn Katheer has related in his Seerah from 'Ali Bin Abi Taalib (ra) that he said: "When Allah commanded His Messenger to present himself to the Arab tribes, he went out with me and Abu Bakr to Mina until we came across a council from amongst the Arab gatherings." Ibn Katheer also related from Ibn 'Abbass from Al-Abbass (rah) that he said: The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
»لا أرى لي عندك ولا عند أخـيك مَنَعَة، فهل أنت مخـرجي إلى السوق غداً حتى نقرّ في منازل قبائل النـاس
-وكانت مجمع العرب- قال: فقلت هذه كِنْدَة وَلَفُّها، وهي أفضل من يَحُجُّ من اليمن، وهذه منازل بكر بن وائل،
وهذه منازل بني عامر بن صعصعة، فاختر لنفسك، قال: فبدأ بكندة فأتاهم. »
"I do not find that I have prevention (i.e. the power of protection) in you and your brother, so are you going out to the market tomorrow with me so that we can spend time in the abodes of the tribes of the people... He said: So I (Al-Abbaas) said: This is Kindah and they are the best from those who have to come for the Hajj from Yemen, and these are the dwellings of Bakr Bin Waa'il, and these are the houses, and these are the dwellings of Bani 'Aamir Bin Sa'sa'ah. So you choose which one to go to. He (Al-Abbaas) said: So he began with Kindah and went to them."
2. From that time, it was clear to the people of power from the tribes that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم was requesting their Nusrah. It was clear to them that what was being requested was that they protect the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم and that they make his foothold firm by establishing an entity amongst them that implements the rules of Allah سبحانه وتعالى i.e. they understood explicitly and clearly that the Nusrah was for purpose of the establishment of a State that rules and performs Jihad... It is for this reason that Banu Aamir Bin Sa'sa'ah said to him when the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم requested their Nusrah:
أرأيتَ إنْ نَحْنُ بَايَعْنَاكَ عَلَى أَمْرِكَ، ثُمَّ أَظْهَرَكَ اللَّهُ عَلَى مَنْ خَالَفَكَ، أَيَكُونُ لَنَا الْأَمْرُ مِنْ بَعْدِكَ؟ قَالَ: الْأَمْرُ إلَى اللَّهِ يَضَعُهُ حَيْثُ يَشَاءُ. قَالَ: فَقَالَ لَهُ: أفَتُهدَف نحورُنا لِلْعَرَبِ دُونَكَ، فَإِذَا أَظْهَرَكَ اللَّهُ كَانَ الْأَمْرُ لِغَيْرِنَا! لَا حَاجَةَ لَنَا بِأَمْرِكَ؛ فَأَبَوْا عَلَيْهِ
"What is your opinion if we were to give you the Bayah (pledge) upon your matter and then Allah grants you dominance over those who oppose you, will the matter (rule) fall in our hands after you?" He صلى الله عليه وسلم replied: "The matter belongs to Allah and He places it where he wishes to." So they said: Do you expect us to incur the vengeance of the Arabs and then when Allah makes you prevail then the authority will be in other than our hands? We have no need in your matter. And so they rejected him صلى الله عليه وسلم."
Hence they knew and understood that the Nusrah was the establishment of the State and they coveted to be its rulers after the death of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم. Similarly Banu Shaibaan said to the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم when he asked for their Nusrah,
قال بنو شيبان للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم عندما طلب نصرتهم: "وإنما نزلنا بين ضرتين، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «ما هاتان الضرتان»؟ قال: أنهار كسرى ومياه العرب، وإنما نزلنا على عهد أخذه علينا كسرى لا نحدث حدثا ولا نؤوي محدثا، وإني أرى هذا الأمر الذي تدعو إليه مما تكرهه الملوك، فإن أحببت أن نؤويك وننصرك مما يلي مياه العرب فعلنا، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «ما أسأتم في الرد إذ أفصحتم بالصدق، وإن دين الله لن ينصره إلا من أحاطه من جميع جوانبه»
"We have influence upon the two waters." The Messenger asked them about this and they said: 'The rivers of Persia and the waters of the Arabs but we have a covenant between us and the Persians stating that we will not do anything against them or host anyone who will. And I view that this matter that you are calling to is a matter that which displease the kings. So if you would like for us to give you shelter and Nusrah in regards to the Arabs then we are at your service'. So the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: "You have not done wrong in your reply when you expressed yourselves honestly. However the Deen of Allah is not given support except by those who encompass it from all of its aspects (i.e. without conditions)." So they also understood that the Nusrah means ruling and Jihad against the Arabs and the non-Arabs. So they agreed to fight against the Arabs whilst they did not agree to fight the Persians.
3. Then when Allah سبحانه وتعالى decided the matter the second pledge (Bayah) of Aqabah came which represented the Nusrah for the establishment of the Islamic State in Al-Madinah. After that the third stage began which was the establishment of the State.
4. And it is clear from all of this that the seeking (requesting) of the Nusrah was before the third stage i.e. it took place in the interaction stage.
5. This is what the Hizb did when it began the work of seeking the Nusrah in the 1960's during the last century and still continues. And we ask Allah سبحانه وتعالى to honour this Ummah with the recurrence of the example of the first Ansaar to establish the Islamic State, the rightly guided Khilafah and so that the Rayah of the 'Uqaab, the Rayaah of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم is hoisted high. And on that day the believers will rejoice with the victory from Allah.
Your brother,
Ata Bin Khalil Abu Al-Rashtah
13 Shaban 1434 AH
22 June 2013 CE

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