Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah,
Please clarify the extent of the 'Awrah that a woman can reveal to a woman with its Shari' Daleel (evidence) and a complete clarification of the Mas'alah (issue) and an explanation of the angle of deduction for those who say that the 'Awrah is that which lies between the naval and the knee in addition to the angle of deduction for those who state that it is the places of Zeenah (adornment) like the 'Awrah of a woman in relation to her Mahaarim (non-marriageable relatives).
From Shadi Sunoqrot
Wa Alaikumu as-Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Baarakatuhu,
In regards to the 'Awrah of a woman in relation to a woman there are two Fiqhi opinions that carry an angle of deduction (Istidlaal).
First: That the 'Awrah of a woman to a woman is like the 'Awrah of a man in relation to (another) man i.e. between the navel and the knee and this is the opinion of some of the 'Ulemah.
Second: That the 'Awrah of the woman in relation to a woman is all of her body except for the places which the woman usually adorns herself, i.e. the exception of the head which is the area for the tiara, the face which is the area of Kohl, the neck and chest which is the area of the necklace and the ears which are the area of earrings, the upper arm which is the place of the arm bangle (armlet) and the lower arm which is also the place of bangles and bracelets, the hand because it is the place of the ring, the lower leg which is the place of ankle bracelets and the feet which is the place of nail polish (or mehndi etc...).
Other than this, i.e. other than the usual areas of Zeenah (adornment) are considered 'Awrah in relation to the woman i.e. that it is not only that which is between the naval and the knee.
The Daleel (evidence) for this is the speech of Allah سبحانه وتعالى:
وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آَبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آَبَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُولِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَى عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاءِ
"And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women."
Therefore these are all permitted to be seen from the woman: the hair and neck of the woman and the places of her bangles, bracelets and necklaces and all other parts of the body in which it has been confirmed to be a place of adornment because Allah سبحانه وتعالى said:
وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنّ
"And do not expose their adornment"
i.e. the place of their adornment.
The Aayah mentioned the Maaharim (non-marriageable relatives) and also mentioned the women and therefore it is permitted for women to look at each other's places of Zeenah (Adornment). As for other than these places of Zeenah of the woman, then they are considered as 'Awrah in front of another woman.
This is what we find to be the preponderant opinion in accordance to the Daleel (evidence) and we say the preponderant (Raajih) because there are those who have viewed the 'Awrah of the women in relation to another woman as being the same to the 'Awrah of a man in relation to another man i.e. between the naval and knee.
Ata Bin Khalil Abu Al-Rashtah
13 Rajab 1434 AH
23 May 2013 CE