Skip to main content

Q&A: Public Awareness and Public Opinion by Sheikh Ata' Abu Rashta

The following is the translation of an Arabic Q&A from the website of Sheikh Ata' Abu Rashta.


It is mentioned in the book "Methodology of HT" (It is by favour from Allah on the people that there now exists a public opinion for Islam, which has now become the hope of the Ummah for its salvation. And the name of Khilafah has become constantly repeated on the tongue of every person when previously it was not. So establishing the Khilafah and bringing back the rule of Allah becomes the hope of all Muslims.) (Methodology of HT, page 50 Arabic).

Hence the Question is: The words mentioned herewith are the public opinion and not the public awareness; so what is the reason for that? In any case, while discussing the second phase of the method, it was stated: (Collective culturing of the masses by the thoughts and rules of Islam which the party adopted ….. so as to give the Ummah a public awareness and to interact with it.) (Methodology of HT, page 43 Arabic). i.e. the public awareness has been specified and not the public opinion …? So, why is such difference?

Then what is the meaning of "public awareness"? and how is the public awareness is built in favor of Khilafah, for example?


We have mentioned on several occasions "public opinion emanating from public awareness"… and whenever we mention only "the public opinion" or only "the public awareness" it is correct, in view of the fact that the required public opinion emanates from the public awareness. Both expressions are from the same series and mentioning a part of the series with the omission of other one is correct.

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَنْتُمْ بَشَرٌ تَنْتَشِرُونَ
(Among His Signs is that He created you from dust; and then Behold ye are men scattered).

The Almighty says:

 الَّذِي أَحْسَنَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقَهُ وَبَدَأَ خَلْقَ الْإِنْسَانِ مِنْ طِينٍ
(He Who has made everything which He has created most Good. He began the creation of man with (nothing more than) clay)

The Almighty says: 

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِنْ حَمَإٍ مَسْنُونٍ  
(we created man from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape)

The Almighty says: 

خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ كَالْفَخَّارِ 
(He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery)

You can see the above verses mentioning sometimes the dust, and at some other times, the clay, sounding clay from mud moulded into shape, sounding clay like the clay of pottery; "And the sounding clay is a dry clay which is rattled and not cooked, and if cooked, becomes like the clay of pottery".

For the reason that they all are from the same series: dust, then clay, then clay dried up without being cooked, and then the cooked clay … and mentioning any part of the series is correct.

And thus to say "public opinion emanating from a public awareness", is a series. You are right when you utter them together "public opinion emanating from a public awareness" or you may simply say "public opinion" or "public awareness". All of them are correct and there is no difference, particularly at a time when the context is clear.

As for the meaning of public awareness, it is as follows:

* The word Al Waie is derived from "Waie" which linguistically as mentioned in Lisan Al Arab: (is to learn something by heart. For instance, he comprehended the thing and speech very well: i.e. remembered, understood and accepted it, and therefore he is a conscious and vigilant person. Similarly, this person is more conscious than that one i.e. is more capable of memorizing and understanding the things, and it was narrated in one Hadith: May Allah make the one, who heard my statement and committed it to memory, to flourish. Many a message bearer is more conscious than hearer).

* In terminology, this awareness is all-inclusive of the most prominent aspect of the issue.

As for how a public awareness on the Khilafah to be created, so it is not a partial knowledge of the word Khilafah; rather the word also includes some prominent rules related to the subject matter such as it is an obligation, the Khalifah has to be one and the Bai'ah has to be made through consent and choice … as well as some prominent powers endowed with the Khalifah such as the care of internal and external affairs of the Islamic State … We say here "some" because the public awareness does not mean knowing all the details but some brief knowledge is enough so that the man get aware of the Khilafah for the sake of public awareness … and like this are the other matters.

22nd Shawwal, 1432 AH
20th September, 2011 CE. 


Popular posts from this blog

An advice to Muslims working in the financial sector

Assalam wa alaikum wa rahmatullah wabarakatahu, Dear Brothers & Sisters, We are saddened to see Muslims today even those who practise many of the rules of Islam are working in jobs which involve haram in the financial sector. They are working in positions which involve usurious (Riba) transactions, insurance, the stock market and the like. Even though many of the clear evidences regarding the severity of the sin of Riba are known, some have justified their job to themselves thinking that they are safe as long as they are not engaged in the actual action of taking or giving Riba. Brothers & Sisters, You should know that the majority of jobs in the financial sector, even the IT jobs in this area are haram (prohibited) as they involve the processing of prohibited contracts. If you work in this sector, do not justify your job to yourself because of the fear of losing your position or having to change your career, fear Allah as he should be feared and consider His law regard

Q&A: Age of separating children in the beds?

Question: Please explain the hukm regarding separation of children in their beds. At what age is separation an obligation upon the parents? Also can a parent sleep in the same bed as their child? Answer: 1- With regards to separating children in their beds, it is clear that the separation which is obligatory is when they reach the age of 7 and not since their birth. This is due to the hadith reported by Daarqutni and al-Hakim from the Messenger (saw) who said: When your children reach the age of 7 then separate their beds and when they reach 10 beat them if they do not pray their salah.’ This is also due to what has been narrated by al-Bazzar on the authority of Abi Rafi’ with the following wording: ‘We found in a sheet near the Messenger of Allah (saw) when he died on which the following was written: Separate the beds of the slave boys and girls and brothers and sisters of 7 years of age.’ The two hadiths are texts on the separation of children when they reach the age of 7. As for the

Q&A: Shari' rule on songs, music, singing & instruments?

The following is a draft translation from the book مسائل فقهية مختارة (Selected fiqhi [jurprudential] issues) by the Mujtahid, Sheikh Abu Iyas Mahmoud Abdul Latif al-Uweida (May Allah protect him) . Please refer to the original Arabic for exact meanings. Question: What is the Shari’ ruling in singing or listening to songs?  What is the hukm of using musical instruments and is its trade allowed? I request you to answer in detail with the evidences? Answer: The Imams ( Mujtahids ) and the jurists have differed on the issue of singing and they have varying opinions such as haraam (prohibited), Makruh (disliked) and Mubah (permissible), the ones who have prohibited it are from the ones who hold the opinion of prohibition of singing as a trade or profession, and a similar opinion has been transmitted from Imam Shafi’i, and from the ones who disliked it is Ahmad Ibn Hanbal who disliked the issue and categorised its performance under disliked acts, a similar opinion has been tran